28.02.2013 / 13:36
Georgia strives to overcome the collapse of the USSR and recover from the impacts of those events on its political and economic situation that were worsened by the effects of Russian military intervention in 2008. In terms of economy, it remains dependent on agriculture, which weakens its economic stability. Georgia is a strategically located country, and its stability is of general concern to the international community. Georgia ranks 74th out of 169 countries in the Human Development Index.
Since 2008, development cooperation between the Czech Republic and Georgia has been affected by the impacts of the armed conflict with Russia, with most development activities now aimed at Georgia’s recovery.
Water and sanitation has been the most significant sector subject to the continuing reconstruction and development assistance provided to Georgia by the Czech Republic, including well-drilling in the buffer zone of Gori and the support of laboratory testing of drinking water quality. In agriculture, the cooperative of Martivili in the Semegrelo region was supported, as were the existing agricultural centres in the Gori region. In the health sector, a highly important project improving the prevention and early diagnosis of cancer has been ongoing in the regions of Semegrelo, Shida and Kartli. As for the environment, a project aimed at supporting alternative energy in the protected natural area of Tusheti was implemented, as was a project of the Tbilisi bus network optimisation. The Czech Republic has equally focused on building the capacities for migration mechanisms. The most significant project was assisting the reintegration of displaced communities in the Mtskheta-Mtianeti region.
Czech non-governmental organisations are involved, for example: in the recovery of the water supply system at the General Regional Hospital with a maternity ward in Senaki (ADRA); in supporting the economic development of neglected areas of Georgia, including the Kutaisi region (People in Need); in increasing effectiveness of small farmers in the regions of Guria, Samtskhe/Javacheti (Caritas CR); in a project aimed at supporting home care in the Gori District (Caritas CR) as well as in the setting up of Czech-Georgian educational centres in Gori and Tbilisi, focusing on the analysis of activities and consultancy services, including their development and strategy.
Within transition promotion, projects supporting the activities of Georgian non-governmental organisations via educational programmes have been implemented, including: those aimed at the development of local governments in newly built villages for refugees; counter-corruption activities; improved transparency and communication as well as civil participation; and the development of capacities of local governments.
In 2011, the Czech Republic carried out a total of 13 bilateral development projects totalling USD 1 million. The overall official development assistance provided by the Czech Republic to Georgia in 2011 amounted to USD 2.1 million.