Embassy of the Czech Republic in London

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Basic information on the Czech Republic

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Poland to the north, Germany to the west, Austria to the south and Slovakia to the east. Its capital and largest city, with 1.3 million inhabitants, is Prague. The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia and Moravia and a small part of Silesia.

czech republic

Flag and Coat of Arms:

Czech Republic Flag Czech Republic Coat of Arms
Political System
Parliamentary democracy
Time Zone:
Continental European Time (GMT+1)
78,864 sq. km
approx. 10 512 000
The Czechs with minorities of Slovaks, Poles and Germans.
Mains Electricity:
220 V, 50 Hz
Television Standard:
Koruna (Kc) - Czech Crown (CZK)
Prague [Population: 1,300,000]
Major cities:
Brno, Ostrava
Continental; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters

Bohemian forest, castles, spas, lakes & rivers

Czech Republic national days and public holidays

  • 1 January: Restoration of the Independent Czech State (January 1, 1993)
  • 21 April : Easter Monday
  • 1 May: Labour Day
  • 8 May: Victory Day
  • 5 July: St Cyril and St Methodius
  • 6 July: Jan Hus Day
  • 28 September: Czech Statehood Day
  • 28 October: Independence Day - Establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic (October 28, 1918)
  • 17 November: Struggle for freedom and democracy
  • 24-26 December: Christmas

For more information on political system, history, education and current issues please visit the Wikipedia.