Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) entered into force in August 2010 - six months after its ratification by 30 States parties.
The Czech Republic ratified CCM in 2011 and it entered into force for the Czech Republic on 1 March 2012. Currently the Convention has 84 State parties; however, key states with the biggest stockpile of cluster munitions (CM) have not joined the Convention. The CCM is an important tool of international humanitarian law and together with the Ottawa Convention create a framework leading towards international disarmament and destruction of explosive remnants of wars.
States parties are obliged to remove CM from their arsenal and destroy existing stockpiles within 8 years of entry into force of the Convention for the given country. Areas contaminated with unexploded CM have to be cleared within 10 years. Further, the Convention prohibits production and transfer of cluster munitions.
The Fourth Meeting of States Parties took place in Lusaka, Zambia, from 10 to 13 September 2013. States parties emphasized the necessity to reinforce the process of universalization and the implementation of the CCM in respective countries. In addition, a large number of States parties condemned or otherwise expressed concern with the use of CM in Syria.
Our priority is to bolster the implementation and universalization of the CCM. The Czech Republic fulfilled its obligations with regard to the destruction of CM stockpiles well in advance. Other responsibilities (victim assistance, international cooperation or national reporting) are carried out continuously.