Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May Be Deemed to Be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects (CCW).
CCW regulates or completely bans some kinds of conventional weapons including incendiary weapons, blinding laser weapons, mines or explosive remnants of wars. CCW constitutes a vital tool of international humanitarian law, which serves to minimize the civilian suffering and casualties caused by above listed weapons in post-conflict areas. Czechoslovakia became a party to this Convention on 2 December 1983 and subsequently the Czech Republic on 20 February 1993. As of September 2013 there are 117 states parties and 5 signatories. However not all states parties have ratified all 5 additional protocols.
The protocols are as follows:
- Protocol I on Non-Detectable Fragments
- Protocol II on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Mines, Booby Traps and Other Devices
- Protocol III on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Incendiary Weapons
- Protocol IV on Blinding Laser Weapons
- Protocol V on Explosive Remnants of War
The Forth Review Conference of the CCW held in Geneva from 14 to 25 November 2011 concluded without any major success in negotiations on new protocols (such as cluster munitions or mines other than anti-personnel mines). The debates during the Review Conference focused on the use of white phosphorus as an incendiary weapon and the need to amend Protocol III. The biggest challenge that lies ahead is the universalization of the Convention and its Protocols. In this regard a new Plan of Action (Accelerated Plan of Action on Universalization of the Convention and its annexed Protocols) was introduced at the Forth Review Conference in order to bolster the universalization of the Convention.
The Czech Republic held in 2013 the position of the Vice-President of the Protocol V sessions. Since 2014 it is presiding over these sessions. At the same time it will coordinate a specific issue of Assistance and Cooperation. The Czech Presidency focuses on the goal of universalization of Protocol V (under Accelerated Plan of Action on Universalization of the Convention and its annexed Protocols). Further, the Czech Republic is active in areas such as technical assistance or cooperation in NATO Trust Fund projects. Finally, we actively promote the universalization of the Convention and its annexed Protocols.