The Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction was open to signature at Ottawa in December 1997. This significant instrument of international humanitarian law entered into force on 1 March 1999.
The success of the Convention has been proved by the decreasing numbers of mine victims, minimization of the volume of mine production and trade, on-going destruction of stockpiles and the increasing number of state parties to the Ottawa Convention; 161 states are party to the Convention. The Czech Republic ratified the Convention on 26 October 1999.
The Action Plan remains to be the most important program document adopted at the end of the year 2009 by the Second Review Conference of the Ottawa Convention in Cartagena de Indians, Colombia, organized under the title “The Cartagena Summit on a Mine-Free World”. It consists of 65 recommendations, which ought to be respected by states while implementing the Convention.
Since its entry into force the state parties to the Convention have destroyed over 45 million pieces of stockpiles of anti-personnel mines and 155 state parties to the Convention now do not own any anti-personnel mines. 34 countries out of historically overall 50 producers of anti-personnel mines (i.e. the countries that at some moment in the past had produced the mines) terminated the production with respect to their adopted commitments, the majority of states that are not party to the Convention apply voluntarily a moratorium on production and export of mines. 15 out of 54 states that reported mined areas have already cleared such areas completely. An extension period beyond the initial period of 10 years (following its entry into force for the specific country) is being used by 19 states.
The Czech Republic destroyed its anti-personnel mine stockpiles 3 years ahead of the plan.
The Czech Republic belongs to the active parties of the Ottawa Convention, it contributes to the humanitarian mine clearance through international organizations as well as through bilateral cooperation: in Afghanistan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Jordan, Angola, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Albania and Lebanon. The contributions of the Czech Republic between the years 2006 and 2013 provided with regard to the implementation of the Ottawa Convention’s commitments amount to USD $9 million. The Czech Republic allocated additional financial contributions in 2013. Based on the decision of the Government the Czech Republic will provide 425 000 CZK to ITF Enhancing Human Security in support of 2 projects in Bosnia and Herzegovina (victim assistance and mine clearance activities).