Tourism - basic information about the Czech Republic
|Basic information are available at www.czechtourism.com|
Thanks to its location at the crossroads of various cultures in the heart of Europe, the Czech Republic has countless cultural and historical points of interest. The Czech Republic is a country of great historical and cultural importance, a country where historic monuments and entire towns have been included on the World Heritage List. Of course, when discussing tourism in Czech Republic, one can not overlook the overhelmingly popular tourist destination of Prague. The city is generaly considered to be one of the most beautiful world capitals with an exquitely preserved historical center. Many other towns and historic monuments in the Czech Republic are well-preserved and are noted in the UNESCO register as world cultural landmarks. Some of the towns are also known as glowing assets of the Czech Republic due to the existence of curative mineral spring spas there. Spas like Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad) and Marianske Lazne (Marienbad) acquired their international eminence many years ago. Jachymov, another town in the countryside, is well known for its rare radioactive springs. Terezin is also often explored by tourists. Terezin was a fort town from the end of the 18th century which, during the war, was transformed into a Jewish ghetto by the Nazis.
The World Heritage Committee has inscribed the following properties on the World Heritage List.
1992 Historic Centre of Prague
PRINCIPAL MOUNTAIN RANGES
Krkonoše (Giant Mountains )
Hrubý Jeseník (Ash Mountains)
LAKES AND RIVERS
The Czech Republic is called the roof of Europe since its only source of water is atmospheric rain and snowfall. All the rivers which have their source in the area drain into neighboring countries.
Lakes and ponds
The abundance and quality of mineral springs in the Czech Republic makes the country a world leader in this area. Many large and renowned spas have been founded around natural or drilled mineral water springs, including the spa in Karlovy Vary, as well as in Mariánské Lázne, Františkovy Lázne, Podebrady, Luhacovice, Jáchymov, and many others which are smaller but still therapeutically important. The warmest Czech springs include the famous Thermal Spring in Karlovy Vary (72oC), and springs in Teplice (42oC) and Janské Lázni (29.6oC). The waters from former uranium mines in Jáchymov have the highest radioactivity in the world (5,085 Mach units, .08 oz.Rn/gal.)
Karlovy Vary are the best known and biggest spa in the Czech Republic. It is world famous for its hot mineral springs and mineral salts. The place has very long history and today it is presumably the second most visited town in the Czech Republic after Prague.The healing sources are rare hydrocarbonate-sulfur-chloride and hydrocarbonate-sodium-calcium thermal mineral waters.World famous liqueur Becherovka is also produced in Karlovy Vary.
The second most important spa in the Czech Republic about which a written record is already from the year 1528 are situated in West Bohemia near town Cheb. Many famous writers, composers, poets and phylosofers spend their time in this picturesque town and enjoyed the forrests and hills around.
Luhacovice is the biggest spa in Moravia with the tradition of more than 300 years of spa treatment, based on the curative power of the natural mineral springs.Thanks to the long-standing tradition of the spa treatment, mineral springs, favorable climate conditions and a beautiful natural surrounding.