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Political and Economical relations between Mongolia and EU

Since the political reforms started in Mongolia in the early 1990s, relations between the EU and Mongolia have developed very positively.

Since the political reforms started in Mongolia in the early 1990s, relations between the EU and Mongolia have developed very positively.

The Mongolian Ambassador to the EU presented his credentials in 1990 and the Head of the EC Delegation in Beijing was accredited to Mongolia in 1991. The Delegation of the European Union in Beijing is accredited to represent the EU in Mongolia, while Mongolia maintains an embassy in Brussels. In 2006, the EC Technical Office was opened in Ulaanbaatar.

The EU-Mongolia relationship has been consolidated over recent years and is set to develop further in the future, also as a consequence of the enlargement of the Union to the East. Several of the new Member States and EU Candidate Countries traditionally maintain close relations with Mongolia and are represented in Ulaanbaatar. The first ever EU-Troika mission to Mongolia on 8-9 June 2006 set another mark for the intensification of relations.

EU-Mongolia cooperation started with the entry into force of the Trade and Cooperation Agreement in 1993. It was initially concluded for a period of five years and is now tacitly renewed every year. The two parties accorded each other’s exports most-favoured-nation treatment and engaged themselves to examine appropriate measures to foster trade and economic relations. The Agreement also includes a commitment to protect human rights. High-level Joint Committee meetings in Ulaanbaatar and Brussels were agreed and have regularly taken place since then.

The EU-Mongolia relationship has been consolidated over recent years and is set to develop further in the future, also as a consequence of the enlargement of the Union to the East. Several of the new Member States traditionally maintain close relations with Mongolia and are represented in Ulaanbaatar. Currently five EU Member States have embassies in Ulaanbaatar. In addition, the Netherlands and Poland have resident representatives present in Mongolia. Mongolia has embassies in nine EU Member States. The inclusion of Mongolia as a country of operation for the EBRD (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development) and the opening of the EBRD office in Ulaanbaatar in 2006 has further increased Europe-Mongolia cooperation.

A milestone in the EU-Mongolia relations was the decision taken in 2006 for Mongolia to join the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) process. Participation in ASEM brings Mongolia into the Asia-Europe political and economic cooperation framework and thus further strengthens our relationship. Mongolia participated, for the first time, in the ASEM Summit in Beijing in October 2008.

The intensification of relations between the EU and Mongolia is underlined by the ongoing negotiations of Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA) which were launched in September 2009.

For more information about the EU-Mongolia political, trade and cooperation relations, please see other pages of this website or visit the External Relations website of the European Commission: http://www.eeas.europa.eu/mongolia/index_en.htm