Miloš Zeman inaugurated as new Czech president
11.03.2013 / 15:37
Miloš Zeman has been inaugurated as the third Czech president since the collapse of communism, succeeding Vaclav Klaus.
Miloš Zeman - Czech politician and President of the Czech Republic
Miloš Zeman was born on 28th September 1944. His father was a postal clerk and his mother was a teacher. Parents got divorced shortly after his birth, so he grew up only with his mother.
1950- 1959 Elementary school in Kolín (CZ).
1959 – 1963 Secondary school of Economics in Kolín. He was banned of further education on the college and fired because of his school essay about T.G. Masaryk.
1963 – 1967 He worked in engineering plant „TATRA KOLÍN. Since 1965, he took distance learning at the University of Economics in Prague, Faculty of national economic planning.
In 1967 he transferred to the daily studying, the same school.
In 1968, he entered in the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.
In 1969, he graduated with honours with a thesis on the topic of prognostication (called Futurology and future). He started to teach this course at the University of Economics in Prague the same year.
In 1970, he was throwed out from the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia because of disagreement with the Soviet occupation and the incipient normalization.
In the years 1970 to 1971 he did not have a permanent employment, he lived with occasional studies under an assumed name.
In 1971, he joined Sports Sportpropag Company, where he built a complex modelling department called "Slušovice research."
His first marriage durated from 1971 to 1978. He has son David (doctor, cerebrospinal fluid specialization).
In 1984, he was fired from work because of collection „Methodological problems of social science research“, that was alleged anti-party (against the regime). Central Committee Department of Complex modelling was revoked.
In 1984, he started to work in agricultural enterprise “AGROGAT”, where he applied one's mind to simulation models of agricultural systems.
In 1986, he became a member of the World prognostic company (World Futures Research Society).
In September 1989, he was fired from work for the third time, because he published the article "Prognostication and reconstruction" in the Technical magazine.
He participated in the demonstration on 17th November 1989 on Národní třída. In the late November and the early December, he had speeches at demonstrations in Letná, thediscussion in theatres and universities.
In 1990, the Prognostics Institute employed him. In late January 1990, he was co-opted from Civic Forum to the Federal Assembly.
In June 1990, he was re-elected to the Federal Assembly for Civic Forum, he became a chairman of the Budget Committee and a member of the Presidium of the Federal Assembly.
In the elections in 1992, he stood as a candidate for the „Česká strana sociálně demokratická“ (Czech social-democratic party, ČSSD), which he joined after the collapse of the Civic Forum, and is re-elected as a deputy of the Federal Assembly.
In February 1993, he was elected as a chairman of the party. The party obtained 7% of the votes in the election in 1992, 27% of the votes in the election in 1996, 32% in 1998. The Chairman of the ČSSD was re-elected in 1995, 1997 and 1999. In 2001, he didn't accept the nomination for chairman of the ČSSD again, because (according to his words) he has fulfilled his task, that the ČSSD became the largest political party in the Czech Republic.
In 1993, he got married for the second time. He has daughter Kateřina (now 18 years old), which studies the grammar school nowadays.
In the years 1996 – 1998, he was elected as a chairman of the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic.
In 1998, he became the Prime Minister of the Czech Republic.
In 2002, he refused to run again to the Prime Minister, because he has fulfilled his task - leading the country out of the economic crisis.
In autumn 2002, members and supporters of the ČSSD, in two separate referendums, called him to stand as a candidate of the President of the Czech Republic.
In 2003, he wasn't elected for the president of the Czech Republic because of the fact that 27 deputies of ČSSD voted against him.
Since 2003, he lives as a senior ciziten in Vysočina (part of the Czech Republic).
In 2005, he published a book “How wrong I was in politics", which became the most successful of his books, with the number of 135,000 copies sold and book was declared the best-seller of the year.
In 2006, he supported the ČSSD in the election campaign, but he refused the offer to become a candidate for the „social democracy“ for the president of the Republic, with regard to his experience of the presidential election in 2003.
In March 2007, he left the Social Democrats, because he disagreed with the policy of Jiří Paroubek, who was a Chairman of the ČSSD those days.
In December 2009, he estabilished „Strana práv občanů“ (Party of citizen rights, SPOZ) and the Congress elected him as its Chairman in March 2010. In parliament elections in May 2010, the party got 4.3%. Because he didn't fulfil his promise to exceed five percent limit, he resigned as Chairman of SPOZ. In November 2010, he was elected honorary chairman by the congress, which he stays until today.
In June 2012, the first of all the potential candidates in the petition received 50,000 signatures of citizens required for nomination for President of the Czech Republic.
In the second round of the first-ever direct election of the President of the Czech Republic became Miloš Zeman with 54.8% of votes President of the Czech Republic.