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Statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs on the suspension of operation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe


As of today, 7 November 2023, the Russian Federation ceased to be a party to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE). Russia announced its withdrawal from the Treaty in June this year.

For a long time, Russia has been in non-compliance with its obligations under the Treaty. Russia’s withdrawal is the latest in a series of steps that have been undermining the security architecture in Europe. These actions culminated in Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, which is contrary to both fundamental norms of international law and objectives of the Treaty.

The purpose of the CFE Treaty cannot be achieved without Russia’s participation. A situation where NATO Member States abide by the Treaty obligations, while Russia has withdrawn from the Treaty and attempts to weaken the conventional arms control system in Europe, is unsustainable.

Czechia, together with other NATO Member States that are Parties to the CFE Treaty, therefore decided to suspend the operation of this international treaty for as long as necessary, in accordance with international law.

Czechia and its Allies took this step in response to the challenges posed by Russia to the system of conventional arms control in Europe. After having suspended the operation of the Treaty, Czechia remains a Party to the CFE Treaty and can in the future decide to resume its operation. Czechia continues to support the idea of conventional arms control in Europe that is based on compliance with mutual commitments.