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Czech Republic in the EU

The Czech Republic formally submitted its candidature to the EU on 17 January, 1996. In its Agenda 2000, published in July 1997, the Union gave its favourable assessment and in December 1997, in the Luxembourg European Summit, decided to open negotiation. The negotiations with the Czech Republic, together with Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia, started on 31 March 1998 and were successfully concluded during the Copenhagen European Summit in December 2002. On 16 April 2003, the Accession Treaty with Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia was signed.

In June 2003, in the accession referendum in the Czech Republic, 55,21% of electorate was in favour of entry, and, on 30 September 2003, the ratification process was concluded by the President's signature.

On 1 May 2004, the Czech Republic, together with the other new entrants, became a full Member State of the European Union.

In the first half of 2009, five years after its accession, the Czech Republic held the rotating EU Presidency.

The Czech Presidency took place under difficult conditions, due to the economic crisis, an unstable international situation and the end of the term of office of the European Parliament and the European Commission. Despite these challenges, during the six months of its Presidency, the Czech Republic scored a number of tangible results and outstanding achievements. The Czech Republic brokered more than 80 concrete measures in the European Parliament; proved itself to be a good crisis manager; resolutely rejected protectionist tendencies and put through measures to boost European economy. Under the Czech leadership the European Union took important steps towards diversification of energy supply and towards climate protection.


Further details, documents and useful links, can be found at the following websites:

Gateway to the EU
Permanent Representation of the Czech Republic to the EU