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Basic Facts about the Czech Republic

Essential information about the Czech Republic.



Official title

Czech Republic (Česká republika)

Government type

Parliamentary republic


78,866 square kilometres

Neighbouring countries

Germany, Poland, Austria and Slovakia

Length of state border

2,303 kilometres


10,513,000 inhabitants

Density of population

134 inhabitants per square kilometer


Prague (1.28 million inhabitants)

Other major cities

Brno (385,000), (Ostrava (303,000), (Plzen (170,000), Liberec (102,000)

Administrative language



Roman Catholic (10.6%), Orthodox (3%), Protestant (0,8%), Atheist (39.8%), Non or Undeclared (79,4%)

Political system

Parliamentary democracy


Czech crown - CZK (Kč), 1 Kč = 100 h (haléřů)

coins: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 Kč

banknotes: 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000 and 5000 Kč

Time zone

Central European Time (CET), from April to October - summer time

(GMT + 1, GMT + 2)


Temperate, four seasons, a mix of ocean and inland climate, changeable winters, warm summers. The average daily temperature in January, the coldest of winter months is about -2°C, in July, the warmest month, about 20°C.

Telephone numbers

The country telephone code for the Czech Republic is 420.

Important telephone numbers

Integrated emergency system 112 (including Police, Fire Brigade, Ambulance)

Police 158

Fire Brigade 150

Ambulance 155


220 v/50 hz